In a medical emergency the first people who usually come into contact or infact who we rely upon the most is our family and friends. Their feedback and recommendations are the ones we totally trust and in some cases no matter how caring and loving the intent was there are first aids administered that are more harmful than beneficial. We have compiled a list of first aid do’s and don’ts so that if you or any near one is facing an emergency situation you will be beneficially caring and give help in a proper manner.
1. Healing bruises with ice
Ice is applied to the bruises since it is known to have a soothing and healing effect on that particular area of body. However there must be a little attention to detail required when applying it to the skin. Make sure the ice is wrapped in some kind of clothing before placing it on the skin. This is necessary because otherwise directly placing ice on skin will consequently result in cold burn and will be highly unpleasant.
Also apart from wrapping up the ice in cloth, just make sure that you apply for 20 minutes at a stretch after that remove it for 20 minutes and repeat as desirable.
2. Trying to revive an unconscious person
We sometimes may face a situation where a person may collapse due to fainting or any other reason and the first thing we try to do is get them in a position which may seem comfortable. More often than not we end up placing their head under a pillow or in a raised position. This will make their breathing more difficult. Instead place pillows under their feet and raise their legs higher. Do not sprinkle water on the person as it will only aggravate the spasms. Also be careful to loosen up any tight article of clothing so they could rest easy. Be careful to not let them stand quickly after they come around.
3. Applying butter or sour cream for burn relief
The only reason you may feel a little better is that both these things will only give that sensation of cooling down the irritated area. For the time being it may feel good but after the application it will solidify on the skin making the normal thermal exchange disrupted resulting in heat going deeper and doing more damage since it can’t escape at the surface fully. Instead of going for these, just place the affected area under cold running water for around 15 minutes.
Also never try to burst the burn blisters since they are acting as a protective layer for the tender skin underneath to avoid infections.
4. Trying to set the bone on your own
This is highly not recommended since you might end up injuring yourself more rather than aligning the dislocated bones.
The first thing is to bandage up the victim in a way which will make the affected area completely immobilized so as to ensure no further injury is incurred or the fracture is not further aggravated. After that get the victim to hospital for proper medical assistance as soon as possible.
5. How to apply warmth on a sprain
If you have suddenly pulled a muscle or there is a sprain on your ankle never go for applying heat on the affected area for pain relief. By covering it with a warm cloth you will only increase the blood flow in the affected area increasing swelling.
Instead apply cold bag on the injury until the natural inflammation dies down and with that the pain will also leave. Also avoid putting pressure on the affected limb.
6. Inducing vomit in case of poisoning
The most standard feedback for poisoning is to make the person vomit. However this does not hold true if the poisoning was done due to acid, alkali or other caustic substances.
The best course of action is to call an ambulance and if the affected person still feels he should induce vomiting never go for milk, baking soda or manganese to induce it. Just drink lots of warm water and try to vomit only if you feel that way.
7. Dealing with a foreign object in the eye
Why it’s wrong: You risk a wrong movement of your hand and resulting injuries.
Doing it right: Cover the eye with gauze, and call a doctor. Only if it’s a chemical burn should you immediately wash the eye with water.
8. Pulling out objects from wounds
Why it’s wrong: You may pull a splinter from a finger or a small glass shard from your hand, but never attempt to pull objects from serious wounds. Doctors keep them in place until the patient is in surgery. Otherwise, bleeding will occur that may lead to death.
Doing it right: However scary a knife in a leg or a huge shard in the chest may look, take the person to the hospital instead of helping them pull the object out of their body.
9. Applying ointments to a wound
Why it’s wrong: A wound will better heal in fresh air, while ointments create unwanted moisture.
Doing it right: Clean the wound in cool water with soap, and dress it with a dry clean bandage.
10. Using stitches instead of skin glue to close cuts and wounds
Why it’s wrong: Putting stitches on wounds is a long and painful procedure which requires removing the stitches later. The use of skin glue has 2 main advantages: it is quick and virtually painless.
Doing it right: First, stop the bleeding by applying pressure. Then close the edges of the wound, and apply a skin glue. Wait until it dries.