Every day we encounter thousands of signs and symbols. We actually use some of them to express our strongest feelings when we can’t find the right words. But have you ever wondered about those symbols’ origins? And are we using them in the correct manner?
We decided to investigate these questions in detail and now offer you a selection of some of the most famous symbols, the meanings and origins of which remain a mystery to most people.
The Ampersand (“&”)
The ampersand symbol (&) represents the Latin conjunction “et“ which equals the English word ”and.“ Such ligature was first invented in Ancient Rome by Tiro, Cicero’s personal secretary. To speed up writing, Tiro invented a system of abbreviations which became known as the “Tironian Notes.”
Many centuries later, the ampersand became so popular in Europe and America that, for a long time, it enjoyed the honor of concluding the Englishalphabet. It only began to be omitted in the early twentieth century. The actual word ”ampersand“ is a contraction of the phrase ”And per se and” that teachers used to say after reciting the alphabet from “A” to “Z.“
Over time, the letters ”E” and “T” have merged into the symbol we use today.
The Heart Symbol
In this case, things are even less straightforward. Despite the popular belief that “love resides in the heart,” everyone knows that the shape of the real human heart has little in common with this symbolic representation. However, there are several theories about the symbol’s origins.
When courting swans approach each other in the middle of a lake, their shapes merge into a shape similar to the heart symbol. In many of the world’s cultures, these birds represent love, loyalty, and devotion due to the fact that swan pairs stay together for life.
Another hypothesis says that the heart symbol originally represented the feminine form. Supporters of this theory argue that the symbol depicts the shape of the female pelvis. The Ancient Greeks were known to attach special significance to this part of the female anatomy and even went on to construct one very special temple to the goddess Aphrodite. It was unique because it was the only temple in the world in which people worshipped the buttocks. Oh yes, you read that right!
There is also a theory stating that this symbol represents the shape of an ivy leaf. On their vases, the Greeks usually included ivy leaves in drawings that portrayed Dionysus — the god of winemaking and patron of passion.
The Bluetooth Symbol
In the tenth century AD, Denmark was ruled by King Harald Blåtand, a historical figure famous for uniting Danish tribes into a single kingdom. Harald was often called “Bluetooth“ since he was a known lover of blueberries, and at least one of his teeth had a permanent blue tint.
Bluetooth technology is designed for uniting multiple devices into a single network. The symbol representing this technology is a combination of two Scandinavian runes: ”Hagall“ (or “Hagalaz”) which is the analogue of the Latin ”H,“ and ”Bjarkan“ — a rune that equals the Latin letter “B.” These two runes form the initials of Harald Blåtand’s name. By the way, a first generation Bluetooth device was colored blue and — yes, you’ve guessed it — resembled a tooth.
The Medical Symbol
Not many people know this, but the symbol of medicine (a staff with wings and two snakes) was first adopted by mistake.
According to legend, the Greek god Hermes (in Roman pantheon, Mercury) possessed a magic staff, the Caduceus, which looked precisely like the modern medical symbol. The Caduceus had the power to stop any disputes and reconcile enemies, but it had nothing to do with medicine.
The simple truth is that, more than a hundred years ago, US military doctors confused the Caduceus with the Rod of Asclepius (which looked similar but had no wings and only one snake). Since Asclepius is the Ancient Greek god of healing and medicine, the mistake is quite understandable. Subsequently, the symbol has taken root and is now used to represent medical confidentiality.
The “Power On” Symbol
The “power” (or even “power on”) symbol is seen on nearly any device, however few men and women know about its sources.
As early as the 1940s, engineers utilized a binary system for symbolizing special switches, where 1 supposed 0 and on supposed off. From these years, it has turned to a indication that features a circle (zero) along with a perpendicular lineup (a single).
The Peace Symbol
The peace symbol (also known as the Pacific) was invented in 1958 during the protests against the use of nuclear weapons. The symbol is a combination of the semaphore signals for the letters “N“ and ”D,“ standing for “Nuclear Disarmament.”
In the semaphore alphabet, the letter ”N“ is transmitted by holding two flags in an inverted ”V,” and the letter “D” is formed by holding one flag pointed straight up and the other pointed straight down. Superimposing these two signs forms the shape of the peace symbol.
The “OK” Sign
Most people interpret this hand gesture as the equivalent of the words “All right“ or ”Okay.“ However, it is not perceived as something positive everywhere. For instance, in France, the gesture denotes that the person at whom it is directed is a zero (a nothing). There are several theories about where this gesture could’ve come from:
It is believed that the “OK” sign originated as a visual supplement to the abbreviation of ”Old Kinderhook, NY“ — the birthplace of the 8th U.S. President, Martin Van Buren. During his election campaign, Van Buren adopted an alias that sounded like the first letters of his hometown’s name. The slogan of his campaign was ”Old Kinderhook is O. K.“ and the posters portrayed a person showing the “OK” gesture.
Another similar hypothesis states that the 7th U.S. President, Andrew Jackson, used this expression when finalizing his decisions. He often wrote “All correct“ in the German manner: ”Oll korrect,” or simply the abbreviation “OK.”
Yet another theory says that the ”OK” gesture by itself is nothing other than a mudra — a ritual gesture in Buddhism and Hinduism. The sign symbolizes learning, and many Buddhist artworks depict the Buddha making this gesture.